View Full Version : 70gal rimless w/beananimal overflow, +LED build

clownin about
04-04-2014, 05:08 AM
First a little background, I started out with an 80gal saltwater tank back in the mid 80's. While it was mostly stocked with fish & invertebrates it also had some live rock with a few corals. I sold it shortly before heading for the west coast. Here is a pic shortly after I set it up:
http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/80gallon_zps677a6c26.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/80gallon_zps677a6c26.jpg.html)

clownin about
04-04-2014, 05:10 AM
Around 1994 I purchased a standard 4' 45 gal aquarium. Here is a shot of the 45:
http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/45gallon_zps14160562.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/45gallon_zps14160562.jpg.html)

clownin about
04-04-2014, 05:23 AM
The 45 was replaced in 1999 with a custom 120 gallon (36”x26”x30”) that I built out of 12mm glass. At that time I also had a 32” tall stand built with 3” square steel tubing purchased from a scrap yard. Yes, it is old school & quite heavy...built to last. The stand's lower level is home to a 50 gallon acrylic sump that I built out of scrap plexiglas. The sump contains a protein skimmer & a return pump along with at least 40 lbs. of live rock. I built a foot wide platform about one foot off the floor behind the 120 so I had access to the rear. Lighting was metal halide & VHO actinic covered by a large canopy with removable panels as the metal halide was housed an industrial aluminum shade like the ones used in warehouses. Here are a couple pics of the 120:
http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/870608955_28c1871cfa_z_zps67478dd8.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/870608955_28c1871cfa_z_zps67478dd8.jpg.html)http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/DSC00034_zps4803adb3.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/DSC00034_zps4803adb3.jpg.html)

clownin about
04-04-2014, 05:35 AM
Recently I was offered to rescue a large piece of furniture that my dad built back in the 70's. To fit it properly in my apartment would require the re-positioning of my 120gal aquarium. I decided to build a smaller tank that would hopefully be more manageable & would also be a better candidate for LED's due to less depth. I also didn't relish the idea of having to move the 120 again, things change as you get older, my back just ain't the same. Thus began my new, downsized tank project. The new tank would have the same footprint as the 120 except have a 19” depth, this allowed me to use the original stand. I also wanted to try a few “improvements”: deciding to go with a beananimal external overflow & as previously mentioned, switching the lighting from metal halide & VHO florescent to LED's. The new tank would also be rimless. I really enjoyed looking down into the 120 from the top but I always needed a step ladder to do it. At least this would no longer be necessary with the new 70, however it also wouldn't have the depth, there are pros & cons to everything. It's all really just going to be one big experiment.:Banane28:

clownin about
04-04-2014, 05:54 AM
I used free software called “sketchup” to draw up some of the parameters. The upper corners on the back of the tank were to be drilled for two 1 1/4” holes for the return bulkheads & the middle 24 inches were notched 2” for the weir. Once I was satisfied with my design I ordered the glass & had most of the visible edges polished & beveled. The front will be Starfire, the rest is all regular 12mm float except the external overflow which is made with 10mm. Once I brought the glass home it was time for assembly. After a bit of research I decided to use GE SCS1200 construction silicone, so I went & purchased some clear for this project. It had been a while since I had last built an aquarium, so I was a little rusty. I first placed the front Starfire pane onto the bottom piece which was on the floor on top of a piece of styro & used my aquarium stand to act as a horizontal brace to lean the front pane against. After masking, applying the silicone & cleaning off the excess goop it was time to relax & wait for it to cure a bit...Houston, we have a problem.:laluot_10: It appears the rear pane had somehow shifted approx. 1/8” over & was no longer perfectly sitting on the bottom pane, slightly overhanging it. I could have left it but being a somewhat picky bastard I decided to take it all apart & redo it. Oh the fun! Here are some photos of the dis-assembly:
http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/P1380531z_zps54ca8d70.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/P1380531z_zps54ca8d70.jpg.html)http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/P1380524z_zps8121a136.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/P1380524z_zps8121a136.jpg.html)

clownin about
04-04-2014, 06:03 AM
O.K. Time for some elbow grease...so WTH cleans silicone?!! Lots of fresh razor blades, lemon & stainless steel wool, that's what. I used a vise grip with a new razor in the jaws to try & cut apart the panes. My gaps were tight making some of the panes very difficult to pry apart, one razor blade snapped on me, good thing I was wearing protective gloves as my knuckle went right into the broken edge of the razor blade that was still stuck in between the panes. Nothing like trying to remain calm at 3AM (seemed like a good time to work on it) whilst one is bleeding to death. Got my new gloves all messy, at least I didn't get any hemoglobin on the carpet. Alright, got the bloody(!) panes apart, now it's time to head over to the bathtub for some scraping & scrubbing. I placed some vintage floor mats from a 1973 Comet GT (I just knew they would come in handy eventually) on the bottom of the tub to keep the glass from sliding around too much & damaging the tub. Took the lemon & coated the silicone with it, then razor'd as much as I could with a ton of fresh blades. After that I scrubbed it to death with the stainless wool. Many hours later & I am finally ready to start my project over again. One thing I did notice is that the Starfire being a softer glass is much easier to scratch than regular float, I also managed to chip it. :( Here's me scrubbin' the back piece:
http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/P1380538z_zpse9623db1.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/P1380538z_zpse9623db1.jpg.html)

clownin about
04-04-2014, 06:10 AM
Alright I'm hopefully not going to have the same thing happen again. Second try worked out fine other than some bubbling here & there in the silicone. I had the bottom of the overflow box drilled with three 1 3/4” holes for 1” bulkheads & used one inch PVC for the beananimal plumbing as it should be more than enough for a tank this size. You may notice that the top of the box is 1/2” lower than the top of the tank. I did this so I could still fit some sort of edging around the tank (if at some point I felt it needed it). I recommend using a gate valve as opposed to a ball valve on the full siphon tube, the other two siphon pipes don't really require any valves. Inside the oveflow box I did not glue any of the plumbing above the bulkheads, it's all just press fit. Water tested the tank for a few weeks & then it was time to finally set it up.

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/P1380546z_zps272ff79c.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/P1380546z_zps272ff79c.jpg.html)

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/P1380574z_zps299118c6.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/P1380574z_zps299118c6.jpg.html)

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/IMG_8008z_zps1ade4bd2.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/IMG_8008z_zps1ade4bd2.jpg.html)

clownin about
04-04-2014, 06:22 AM
I was going to build some LED pendants but was told it would be more efficient to go with a standard aluminum heat sink. Plus the pendants would have been $$$ as I needed four of them & I'm cheap. Real cheap. O.K. Maybe not that cheap, but I'm pretty cheap. For my DIY LED heat sink I originally used some scrap pieces of 2.5” aluminum C channel I had lying around, but by the time I had assembled the thing, it was surprisingly heavy. So I went back into my scrap bin & used some aluminum bits from a miniature p/u truck tarpaulin display that I saved from a previous workplace. I spaced 1” alum. channel approx.1 3/4” apart inside the 16”x23” edges of the display to mount the LED's on. This piece proved to be much lighter than the first one I made. I constructed a shade made of aluminum sheet which kept the LED's from blinding me when I watched the telly or eventually passed out on the couch.
http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/P1380626z_zps770525b9.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/P1380626z_zps770525b9.jpg.html)

clownin about
04-04-2014, 06:25 AM
I used a bunch of scrap wiring to wire the LED's & some excellent cheap heat sink plaster made by “stars 922” & purchased via ebay to mount the LED's. Some spare PC molex connecters were used to connect the main wiring harnesses from the 250W power supply to the wiring at the heat sink. It's not super pretty but it'll do until I perhaps switch to pendants or whatever new fangled reef lighting system becomes in vogue in the next ten years.

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/P1380655z_zpsf453515c.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/P1380655z_zpsf453515c.jpg.html)

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/P1380662z_zps57be18a6.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/P1380662z_zps57be18a6.jpg.html)

clownin about
04-04-2014, 06:32 AM
My rental apartment is all concrete, so drilling the walls is frowned upon by management. I was trying to figure out what I could use to keep the LED heat sink above the tank without resting anything on the tank edges. I also didn't want to start drilling my stand which would have been a PITA because it was still being used for my 120. My zany mind came up with a dental lamp idea, I found a vintage Pelton & Crane dental lamp on Craigslist. Originally I wanted to utilize the upper articulating arm but it proved to be very heavy due to the internal spring & shock components. So I disemboweled it & used the stainless steel pipe stand section along with the horizontal portion of the articulating arm. The LED heat sink would be hung off the end of the arm with four bicycle brake cables. Perhaps not the most elegant idea, but it works so far. The dental lamp stand (or pole) is attached to the rear right corner of my stand with four 3” C clamps. Using the dental stand allows me swing the heatsink out of the way when needed, which is a bonus. The heatsink being open at the top (in between the 1” strips) allows shimmering light to hit the ceiling which I don't mind, although it may drive some people crazy.

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/IMG_8015_zps0b8ab1f7.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/IMG_8015_zps0b8ab1f7.jpg.html)

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/P1380637zz_zpsef842c3c.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/P1380637zz_zpsef842c3c.jpg.html)

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/IMG_8281z_zps1e67374d.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/IMG_8281z_zps1e67374d.jpg.html)

clownin about
04-04-2014, 06:34 AM
Question is, is any of this stuff actually going to work? Plugged it in & voila! Nothing. Nada. Nope. After testing the LED's & the wiring with my multimeter I came to the conclusion that my brand new power supply was a dud. At least I hoped it was the power supply & not my crazy wiring job. O.K exchanged the power supply for another one & voila! We have light!!!

clownin about
04-04-2014, 06:35 AM
I was going to use a timer while I came up with some sort of DIY arduino to control the LED's with but I broke down & got a Coralux Storm X LED controller instead. See, I'm not always cheap. Well, O.K., after pricing the cost of all the arduino parts & the time involved it seemed like a no brainer to me.

clownin about
04-04-2014, 06:36 AM
Stuffing all the live rock + corals from my 120gal into the 70gal made things a bit cramped but I can live with it. At least the pair of clowns I've had for 17 years still seem to be happy, but I'm sure they miss all that extra room they had before.

clownin about
04-04-2014, 06:56 AM
I still had to set up my old 50gal sump. Once I emptied it, the clear fiberglass resin I used to seal some pinhole leaks began to separate from the plexiglas. When I built it 15 years ago I used a hand scribe to cut some of the plexiglas panels. Cutting acrylic with a table saw will give you nice straight edges, cutting it with a hand scribe, um, not so much. One needs to have perfectly square edges to properly glue acrylic otherwise you can end up with leaks. So back then I fixed a few small leaks with fiberglass resin. After scraping all the old flaking resin I then reapplied clear fiberglass resin on the inside edges & this time I also incorporated some fiberglass mesh. I accidentally folded over one of the resin soaked mesh pieces onto an area of the plexiglas that I wasn't planning to cover with resin & it etched the plexiglas so it doesn't look very pretty...of course it just had to be the front panel.:frown: The main thing is that it doesn't leak. After water testing it for a few weeks I finally set it up, placing my old skimmer inside along with the return pump & live rock (plus 20 years of coral skeletons from those specimens that didn't survive over the years, RIP). Now I can finally get the overflow working & get rid of all that scum floating on the surface of my new tank. In the photo you can see my old 120 & a table/cabinet thingy I built from an IKEA LACK table top, scrap aluminum & an old night stand. This holds a kalkwasser bucket and other aquarium related items. My LED controller & power supply are attached to the side of it.
http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/IMG_8049_zpsa804175c.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/IMG_8049_zpsa804175c.jpg.html)

clownin about
04-04-2014, 06:59 AM
I also mounted 12 LED's on a small heat sink above the sump so I can place extra corals/caulerpa frags down there when needed.

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/P1380683z_zps1ce8dfdd.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/P1380683z_zps1ce8dfdd.jpg.html)

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/P1380739z_zps3805e25f.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/P1380739z_zps3805e25f.jpg.html)

clownin about
04-04-2014, 07:13 AM
Here's what the 70 looks like so far:
http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/IMG_8910_zpsedd5efa8.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/IMG_8910_zpsedd5efa8.jpg.html)

04-04-2014, 07:20 AM
Nice DIY Gerald! What are you going to do with the 120?

clownin about
04-04-2014, 07:30 AM
The 120 has already been sold & will be a very nice reef tank soon. I miss the 120, but I have a lot less glass to keep clean now.

04-04-2014, 07:42 AM
Around 1994 I purchased a standard 4' 45 gal aquarium. Here is a shot of the 45:
http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/45gallon_zps14160562.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/45gallon_zps14160562.jpg.html)

Is this the DIY canopy you gave me like 20 years ago?!

clownin about
04-04-2014, 08:01 AM
Ha-ha, yep! Sure is!

04-04-2014, 09:21 AM
Nice setup for the lights, where did you find that swing arm?

04-04-2014, 02:24 PM
Nice setup for the lights, where did you find that swing arm?

Says Craigslist in his post.

clownin about
04-04-2014, 09:56 PM
Correct. It's part of a 1960's dental lamp I found on Craigslist.

clownin about
05-15-2014, 11:21 PM
Just a few new photos, everything is still working properly. We did have a small earthquake and other than the odd sensation of movement it was the tank that let me know something wasn't quite right. I intentionally kept the waterline at 2.5 inches below the rim (most rimless are around 1 inch) for this very reason & it was a good call. The water just about sloshed over the rim but didn't quite make it (whew!).
I still need to do a better (prettier?) job with the corner on my aluminum shade, but as everything is functioning as intended I've gotten a little lazy & just left it for now. Two of the photos show a birch panel at the base of the tank, this was part of the canopy from my previous 120gal. I was thinking of finding some strong magnets (where?!) that I could use to affix the panel(s) to the steel base of the tank stand for a different look. The panels would essentially cover the sump which is currently in full view, I think it looks fine as is. Just thought it would be nice to find some use for the old canopy. In the photo(s) the panel is just leaning against the stand as an example & is not perfectly aligned as there is a gap at the top.

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/IMG_9785_zps6f31cd69.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/IMG_9785_zps6f31cd69.jpg.html)

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/IMG_9788_zpsea26e331.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/IMG_9788_zpsea26e331.jpg.html)

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/IMG_9793z_zpsa87fda16.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/IMG_9793z_zpsa87fda16.jpg.html)

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/IMG_9795z_zpsed674940.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/IMG_9795z_zpsed674940.jpg.html)

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/IMG_9798z_zps5f75c09a.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/IMG_9798z_zps5f75c09a.jpg.html)

http://i1246.photobucket.com/albums/gg603/silverstoneII/Reef/IMG_9799z_zps4be87346.jpg (http://s1246.photobucket.com/user/silverstoneII/media/Reef/IMG_9799z_zps4be87346.jpg.html)